|History of the USS Razorback
TCG Murat Reis
After shakedown off New England, USS RAZORBACK (SS-394) sailed to Pearl Harbor. Her first war
patrol, commencing 25 August 1944, was conducted east of Luzon as a member of an offensive group
in support of the mid-September Palau landings. After sighting only enemy antisubmarine planes, she
headed northeastward, arriving at Midway 19 October 1944.
On 15 November 1944 Razorback sailed from Midway on her second war patrol in company with USS
TREPANG (SS-412) and USS SEGUNDO (SS-398). Operating with these submarines in the Luzon
Straits, RAZORBACK damaged a 6,933-ton freighter 6 December 1944 and sank an 820-ton
destroyer and damaged another freighter 30 December. She arrived at Guam for refit 5 January 1945.
On 1 February 1945 the USS RAZORBACK set out for the East China Sea for her third war patrol, this
time accompanied by SEGUNDO and USS SEA CAT (SS-399). After sinking four wooden ships in
three separate surface gun actions, she deposited three
Japanese prisoners at Guam before terminating her patrol at Pearl Harbor 26 March 1945.
On 7 May 1945 the USS RAZORBACK headed west again. Assigned to lifeguard duty in the Nanpo
Shoto and Tokyo Bay areas, she rescued four B-29 pilots and a fighter pilot before retiring to Midway to
end that patrol, and refit, 27 June 1945.
On 22 July 1945 the RAZORBACK departed Midway for patrol in the Okhotsk Sea, where she sank six
wooden cargo sea trucks and damaged two in a surface gun action. The remainder of the patrol was
spent performing lifeguard services off Paramushiro for Alaska based planes.
On 31 August 1945 the USS RAZORBACK entered Tokyo Harbor with 11 other submarines to take
part in the formal surrender of Japan. She departed 3 September, arrived at Pearl Harbor on the 11th
and San Diego on the 20th.
After the war she remained active with the Pacific Fleet serving off Japan and China in early 1948 and
again in late 1949. In August 1952 the USS Razorback was decommissioned for conversion to Guppy
IIA-type submarine. She was re-commissioned in January 1954 and reported to SubRon10 at New
London, CT, for shakedown and training.
Following shakedown the USS RAZORBACK was transferred to the West Coast and on 24 May 1954
became a unit of SubRon3, based at San Diego. The remainder of 1954 and 1955 were spent
providing antisubmarine training services for local surface and air units. In 1956 her range of operations
was extended north to Canada and on 24 June 1957 she got underway on her first extended Far East
deployment since the forties. Regularly deployed to the 7th Fleet into the sixties the USS RAZORBACK
sailed into the South China Sea on her 1965 deployment where she earned her first Vietnam Service
Medal. She returned to San Diego 1 February 1966, but was in the western Pacific 29 December 1966
3 July 1967 and 6 August 1968-February 1969. During 1969 and until January 1970, she continued to
operate on the west coast out of San Diego CA. Razorback's last deployment, again to the western
Pacific, was from 30 January to 7 August 1970. Not long after her return to the West Coast, she was
decommissioned at Hunter's Point Naval Shipyard. Concurrent with her decommissioning on 30
November, RAZORBACK was struck from the Navy List and transferred to the Turkish Navy where she
was re-commissioned Murat Reis (S-336) and remains in service.
She was decommissioned from the Turkish Navy in March 200.
In August of 2002 she was promised to the Arkansas Inland Maritime Museum in North Little Rock.
Official turnover was held on March 25, 2004 and AIMM took possession of her and started her tow
back to the US.
On August 29 Almost 2 years to the date the USS Razorback/TGC Murat Reis arrived in North Little